Scott L. Gardner, PhD
Curator, Division of Parasitology

Statement of Research Interests:

RESEARCH


My program of NSF funded research is focused on the evolutionary relationships among neotropical rodents and marsupials and their parasite faunas. I investigate questions of mammalian and faunal biodiversity by generating and combining data on the phylogenetic, biogeographic, and ecological relationships of hosts and parasites. I am committed to integrating museum-oriented field research and modern systematic analysis of parasites and their hosts. These studies will provide assessments of extent and scope of coevolution and biodiveristy of mammals and their parasites of various biotic regions. For instance, recent results of my research show that a knowledge of both the host and parasite faunas of an area can provide much more information regarding regional biodiversity than if only the hosts were considered in this context.

To understand the phylogenetic relationships among mammals and their parasites, one must know as much of the biological characteristics of the host as of their parasites. For instance, I have generated phylogenetic hypotheses for rodents using morphological analysis and at the same time estimating phylogenetic relationships among the parasites using techniques appropriate at different levels of resolution such as allozyme analysis and morphology. I use the methods of phylogenetic systematics to test hypotheses of host-parasite coevolution and biogeography.

I also have interests in the ecology of symbiotic associations of mammalian groups from North America and have for the past several years been engaged in studies of the helminth parasites of geomyoid rodents and their relatives. Using these data I have begun to address questions concerning taxonomic and ecologic diversity of parasites in groups of rodents with both subterranean and terrestrial habits in the Neotropical vs. the Nearctic regions. Comparisons such as these hold great promise for increasing our general understanding of ecological diversity in tropical vs. temperate ecosystems. Although my current research program is focused on the helminth parasites of mammals, my investigations and collections are broad in scope and taxonomic coverage. I have published on topics as diverse as coccidia of stingrays (Urolophus), and coccidia, nematodes, and cestodes from rodents.

I plan to continue studies of the phylogeny, evolution, diversity, and genetic variation of parasites and their hosts using as tools, multivariate statistics,DNA sequencing, and other molecular techniques. An active and dynamic multifaceted approach to investigations of phylogeny and evolution will result in more lucid definitions of the processes responsible for the patterns that we see in nature. Being active in research on more than one class of organisms opens up funding opportunities that would not otherwise be available to researchers.

TEACHING


I have extensive teaching experience, having taught classes from freshman through graduate levels. In the spring of 1993, I was fortunate to team-teach a class with Robert Kimsey at UC Davis entitled "The Biology of Parasitism." I am qualified to teach courses in parasitology, nematology, mammal-parasite coevolution, and systematics because of my strong interests in collections based research in these topics. At UC Davis, I was involved in both graduate and undergraduate education. In the college of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences I participated in both departmental and College-wide development of undergraduate curriculum and I helped spearhead a successful effort at the College level to integrate science and issues of biodiversity into the general teaching curriculum on the Davis campus (termed "Science and Society"). Here at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, I have an active program of integrating teaching and research at both the graduate and undergraduate levels in an effort to boost the number of trained systematists in parasitology.

RESEARCH EXPERIENCES FOR UNDERGRADUATES: I am directing two undergraduate students in research relating directly to my currently funded National Science Foundation (NSF) grant on Systematics and Biodiversity of Parasites of Bolivian Mammals. These students are being supported by a grant from the NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program.

GRADUATE STUDENTS: Sara Brant, a student in the parasitology program here at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln recently finished her Masters degree and is a student of Dr. Guillermo Orti in Biology. Sara studied the taxonomy and phylogeny of nematodes of the genus Litomosoides. Luma Al-Banna graduated from my program in the Department of Nematology at UC Davis in 1996. Since then she has published most of her dissertation and she is now in a tenure track position at the University of Jordan in Amman, Jordan. Mariel Campbell, one of the first undergraduate students with whom I worked in New Mexico, finished her Masters Degree at UC Davis, and is now conducting research and working in the Museum of Southwestern Biology, at the University of New Mexico. Mariel and I are in the process of publishing the results of her Masters Degree research from Bolivian marsupials.

SYSTEMATICS AND MUSEUMS


Biological collections represent irreplaceable resources for teaching and research programs in agricultural, biological, and environmental sciences. Specimens that are now being collected, prepared, and deposited in well organized museums will become the research materials and sources of genetic diversity of the 21st century as more species are lost due to human-caused disturbances and destruction of natural habitats. Collections have intrinsic value with series of specimens, types and vouchers serving as the foundation of taxonomy and ecological research. In my research program we base the development of hypotheses upon data that were collected in the field. Museum-based research collections represent some of the most intrinsically valuable of human endeavors. Our ability to use data derived from analyses of the distributions of both extant and extinct organisms helps ecological, systematic, and medical research endeavors. In my field-oriented research, All organisms that we collect during our studies are utilized to the fullest extent possible, with ectoparasites, endoparasites, skull, skeleton, skin, and tissues for DNA being taken, labelled, and deposited in recognized museum collections. My research program of parasitology involves collecting parasites from mammals and other vertebrates and thrives on collaborative efforts with mammalogists and other biologists. I welcome the opportunity to develop collaborative biodiversity survey research projects with other researchers world-wide.

CURRICULUM VITAE of Scott Lyell Gardner


Scott Lyell Gardner

Mailing Address:

W-529 Nebraska Hall

Division of Parasitology

Tel: 402-472-3334

University of Nebraska State Museum

Fax: 402-472-8949

University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lincoln, Nebraska 68588




EDUCATION:


B.S. BIOLOGY;

emphasis, Ecology. 1980. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

M.A. ZOOLOGY;

emphasis Parasitology. 1983. The University of Northern Colorado, Greeley. Thesis title: "Endoparasites of Western North American Pocket Gophers."

Ph.D. BIOLOGY;

December, 1988. Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Dissertation title: "Phyletic Coevolution Between Nematode Parasites and their Rodent Hosts in Bolivia."



EMPLOYMENT RECORD:


1985 - 1986.

Research Assistant, Department of Mammalogy, The American Museum of Natural History, New York.

1987 - 1988.

Research Assistant, Office of Graduate Studies, University of New Mexico.

1988 - 1990.

Research Associate, Post-Doctoral position with Dr. Donald W. Duszynski, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico.

1990 - 1994.

Assistant Professor, Assistant Nematologist, Department of Nematology and Curator, UC Davis Nematode Collection, Department of Nematology, UC Davis.

1994 -

Associate Professor and Curator of Parasitology, University of Nebraska State Museum, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


RESEARCH


GRANTS RECEIVED:


$500

Grant-in-Aid. From The American Society of Mammalogists, 1985.

$1,000

From The Latin American Institute, University of New Mexico, 1986.

$9,665

NSF Dissertation Improvement Grant. Title: Zoogeography and coevolution of helminth parasites and their rodent hosts in Bolivia. From: The National Science Foundation, Grant Number: BSR-8612329 (Systematics) 1986 - 1988.

$6,000

Challenge assistantship, University of New Mexico, 1987 - 1988.

$50,000

Phylogenetic relationships of the peracarida (Crustacea: Malacostraca) determined by analysis of 18s rRNA nucleotide sequences. Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship in Molecular Studies of Evolution, (declined to take tenure-track position at UC Davis) 1989.

$1,000

Faculty Research Grant. University of California, Davis, 1990 - 1991.

$2,125

New Faculty Research Grant. University of California, Davis, 1990 - 1991.

$206,568

Parasites of Mammals of Bolivia: Phylogeny and Coevolution. National Science Foundation., Grant Number: BSR-9024816. 1991 - 1994.

$25,000

Research Experiences for Undergraduates, (REU Supplement to National Foundation Grant BSR-9024816) 1992 - 1994.

$2,000

Genetic Resource Conservation Program. University of California. 1992.

$50,000

Supplement to extend research on the Sevilleta LTER in New Mexico, (EROL Supplement to National Science Foundation Grant BSR-9024816) July 1992 - 1994.

$7,000

Morphology and Molecules in Phylogenetic Analysis of Nematodes of Mammals. NATO Collaborative Research Grant No. CRG No. 920612. Scott Lyell Gardner and Jean-Pierre Hugot, 1992 - 1994.

$22,000

Evaluation and Testing of QBIC "Query by Image Content" for IBM, 1993 - 1994.

$2,000

Genetic Resource Conservation Program. University of California, 1993.

$57,384

LTREB: Spatial and Temporal Pattern in Butterfly Faunas: Long-Term Studies on a Northern California Transect. NSF Grant #. DEB-9306721. With Arthur M. Shapiro, UC Davis, Evolution and Ecology, 1993 - 1996.

$2,000

Genetic Resource Conservation Program. University of California, 1994.

$92,000

Renovation of the Division of Parasitology Research Laboratory in Nebraska Hall. Office of Research, UNL, 1994.

$74,000

Parasites of Mammals of Bolivia: Phylogeny and Coevolution. Renewal. National Science Foundation, Grant Number: DEB-9496263, 1994 - 1996.

$10,000

REU Supplement to Grant DEB-9496263 from the National Science Foundation. 1996.

$2,000

Molecular Phylogenetics of Parasites of Mammals. Research Council, UNL, January, 1995.

$250,400

Upgrade of the Collections Facilities of the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. NSF Grant. , Grant Number: DEB-9631295, 1996-2001.

$10,000

REU Supplement to Grant DEB-9631295 from the National Science Foundation, 1996.

$10,900

REU Supplement to Grant DEB-9631295 from the National Science Foundation, 1997.

$10,000

REU Supplement to Grant DEB-9631295 from the National Science Foundation, 1998.

$3,000

Database Conversion in the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, Research Council, UNL, April. 1998.

$10,000

REU Supplement to Grant DEB-9631295 from the National Science Foundation. 1999.

$13,610

Supplement to Grant DEB-9631295 from the National Science Foundation, Collection of Parasites from Mammals in Mongolia. 1999.

$50,000

Renovation of the Systematics Laboratory in Manter Hall. Office of Research Facilities Improvement Award, UNL. 1999.

$17,200

REU Supplement to DEB-9621395 from the National Science Foundation. 2000.

$13,680

Equipment and Field supplement to DEB-9621395 from the National Science Foundation, 2000.



$997,352

Total Grant Support Received.

Proposals Submitted - 1999


$496,502

DEB-9987535. WORM-WEB: Georeferencing computerized data and linking databases in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. National Science Foundation. NSF98-126. No award.

$318,344

DEB-0072769. Helminth Parasites of Mammals of Bolivia II: The Nemata. National Science Foundation. NSF98-158. No award.

$750,005

DEB-9978152. Monographic Studies of Nematodes: An Integrated Approach. National Science Foundation. NSF99-15. No award.

Proposals Submitted - 2000


$483,460

DEB-9987535. WORM-WEB: Georeferencing computerized data and linking databases in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology.

PUBLICATIONS:


1.

Loker, E. S.; Moyo, H. G.; Gardner, S. L. 1981. Trematode-gastropod associations in nine non-lacustrine habitats in the Mwanza region of Tanzania. Parasitology. 83: 381-389.

2.

Gardner, S. L.; Jasmer, D. P. 1983. Heligmosomoides thomomyos n. sp. (Nematoda: Heligmosomidae) from pocket gophers Thomomys spp. (Rodentia: Geomyidae) in Oregon and California. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 50: 278-281.

3.

Gardner, S. L.; Schmidt, G. D. 1984. Discobothrium caribbensis sp. n., a lecanicephalidean cestode from a yellow spotted stingray, Urolophus jamaicensis in Jamaica. Journal of Parasitology. 70: 303-304.

4.

Gardner, S. L. 1985. Helminth parasites of Thomomys bulbivorus (Richardson) (Rodentia: Geomyidae), with the description of a new species of Hymenolepis (Cestoda). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 63: 1463-1469.

5.

Upton, S. J.; Bristol, J. R.; Gardner, S. L.; Duszynski, D. W. 1986. Eimeria halleri sp. n. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the Round Stingray, Urolophus halleri (Rajiformes: Dasyatidae). Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 53: 110-112.

6.

Gardner, S. L.; Schmidt, G. D. 1986. Two new species of Litomosoides (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) from pocket gophers (Rodentia: Geomyidae) in Colorado. Systematic Parasitology. 8: 235-242.

7.

Gardner, S. L.; Schmidt, G. D. 1988. Cestodes of the genus Hymenolepis Weinland, 1858 sensu stricto from pocket gophers Geomys and Thomomys spp. [Rodentia: Geomyidae] in Colorado and Oregon, with a discriminant analysis of four species of Hymenolepis. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 66: 896-903.

8.

Gardner, S. L.; Rausch, R. L.; Camacho, O. C. J. 1988. Echinococcus vogeli Rausch and Bernstein, 1972 from the paca, Cuniculus paca L. (Rodentia: Dasyproctidae) in the Departamento de Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Journal of Parasitology. 74: 399-402.

9.

Upton, S. J.; Gardner, S. L.; Duszynski, D. W. 1988. The round stingray, Urolophus halleri (Rajiformes: Dasyatidae) as a host for Eimeria chollaensis sp. nov. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 66: 2049-2052.

10.

Lambert, C. R.; Gardner, S. L.; Duszynski, D. W. 1988. Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the subterranean rodent Ctenomys opimus Wagner (Ctenomyidae) from Bolivia, South America. Journal of Parasitology. 74: 1018-1022.

11.

Pitts, R. M.; Gardner, S. L.; Smolen, M. J.; Craig, T. M. 1990. First reported occurrence of the filarioid nematode, Litomosoides westi in Geomys personatus. Texas Journal of Science. 42: 416.

12.

Gardner, S. L.; Duszynski, D. W. 1990. Polymorphism of eimeriian oocysts can be a problem in naturally infected hosts: an example from subterranean rodents in Bolivia. Journal of Parasitology. 76: 805-811.

13.

Gardner, S. L. 1991. Phyletic coevolution between subterranean rodents of the genus Ctenomys (Rodentia: Hystricognathi) and nematodes of the genus Paraspidodera (Heterakoidea: Aspidoderidae) in the Neotropics: Temporal and evolutionary implications. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 102: 169-201.

14.

Gardner, S. L.; Upton, S. J.; Lambert, C. R. 1991. Redescription of Eimeria escomeli Rastegaieff, 1930 from Myrmecophaga tridactyla L. in Bolivia. Helminthological Society of Washington. 58: 16-18.

15.

Duszynski, D. W.; Gardner, S. L. 1991. Fixing coccidian oocysts is not an adequate solution to the problem of preserving protozoan type material. Journal of Parasitology. 77: 52-57.

16.

Gardner, S. L.; Campbell, M. L. 1992. A new species of Linstowia Zschokke, 1899 (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) from marsupials in Bolivia with comments on the biogeography of cestodes of the genus Linstowia. Journal of Parasitology. 78: 795-799.

17.

Gardner, S. L. Campbell, M. L. 1992. Parasites as probes for biodiversity. Journal of Parasitology. 78: 596-600.

18.

Frey, J. K.; Duszynski, D.W.; Gannon, W. L.; Yates, T. L.; Gardner, S. L. 1992. Designation and curation of type Host specimens (Symbiotypes) for new parasite species. Journal of Parasitology. 78: 930-932.

19.

Gardner, S. L. 1992. Gerald D. Schmidt from the perspective of a student. Journal of Parasitology. 78: 596-600.

20.

Gardner, S. L.; Ubelaker, J. E. 1992. Profile: Gerald D. Schmidt. Systematic Parasitology. 23: 233-234.

21.

McGuire, P. E.; Warburton, M. L.; Kimsey, L. S.; Gardner, S. L. 1992. Biological collections at the University of California: Scope, status, and needs. Report No. 9. Univ. of California Genetic Resources Conserv. Prog.

22.

Al Banna, L.; Gardner, S. L. 1993. Three new nematodes from endemic grape (Vitis) in California. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 60:243-249.

23.

McGuire, P.E.; Kimsey, L.S.; Gardner, S. L. 1993. Management of University biological collections: A framework for policy and practice. Report No. 11. University of California Genetic Resources Conservation Program, Davis, CA.

24.

Gardner, S. L.; Stock, S. P., Kaya, H. K. (1994). A new species of Heterorhabditis from the Hawaiian islands. Journal of Parasitology. 80: 100-106.

25.

Gardner. S. L.; Wong, S; E. (1994). A new species of Vexillata (Nemata: Heligmosomidae) from the coarse-haired pocket mouse Chaetodipus hispidus in New Mexico. Journal of Parasitology. 80: 591-595.

26.

Salazar-Bravo, J.; Campbell, M.; Anderson, S. A.; Gardner, S. L.; Dunnum, J. (1994) New records of Bolivian mammals. Mammalia. 58: 125-130.

27.

Hugot, J. P.; Morand, S.; Gardner, S. L. (1995) Morphology and morphometrics of three oxyurids parasitic in primates with a description of Lemuricola microcebi n. sp. International Journal of Parasitology. 25: 1065-1075.

28.

Stock, S, P.; Gardner, S.L.; Wu, F.; Kaya, H.K. (1995) Characterization of two Steinernema scapterisci populations (Nemata, Steinernematidae) using Morphology and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington. 62: 242-249.

29.

Hugot, J.P.; Gardner, S. L. (1996) The Enterobiinae Subfam. nov. (Nematoda, Oxyurida) pinworm parasites of primates and rodents. International Journal for Parasitology. 26: 147-159.

30.

Gardner, S. L. (1996) Essential techniques for collection of parasites during surveys of mammals.. In: Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity - Standard Methods for Mammals. D. Wilson, Cole, R.; Nichols, J. D.; Rudran, R.; Foster, M. eds. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington D.C.

31.

Al Banna, L.; Gardner , S.L. (1996) Nematode Diversity of Native Species of Vitis in California. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 74: 971-982.

32.

Stock, S.P.; Strong, D.; Gardner, S. L. (1996) Identification of Heterorhabditis (Nematoda, Heterorhabditidae) from California with a New Species Isolated from the Larvae of the Ghost Moth Hepialis californicus (Lepidoptera, Hepialidae) from the Bodega Bay Biological Reserve. Fundamental and Applied Nematology. 19: 585-592.

33.

Morand, S.; Legendre, P.; Gardner, S. L.; Hugot, J. P. (1996) Body Size Evolution of Oxyurid (Nematoda) Parasites - the Role of Hosts. Oecologia. 107: 274-282.

34.

Al Banna, L.; Williamson, V. M.; Gardner, S. L. (1997) Phylogenetic Analysis of Nematodes of the Genus Pratylenchus Using Nuclear 26s rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 7: 94-102.
35. Brant, S. V.; Gardner, S. L. (1997) Two new species of Litomosoides (Nemata: Onchocercidae) from Ctenomys opimus (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae) from the Altiplano of Bolivia. Journal of Parasitology. 83: 700-705.

36.

Gardner, S. L.; Hugot, J. P. (1997) A new pinworm, Neohilgertia thylamisis, n. sp. (Nemata: Oxyurida) from Thylamys elegans in Bolivia. Research and Reviews in Parasitology. 55: 139-147.

37.

Hoberg, E. P.; Gardner, S. L.; Campbell, R. A. (1997) Paradigm Shifts and Tapeworm Systematics. Parasitology Today. 13: 161-162.

38.

Cook, J. A.; Gardner, S. L.; Yates, T. L. (In Press) The genus Ctenomys (Rodentia) in Bolivia. In: Mammals of South America. A. Gardner, S. Anderson, and J.L. Patton, eds. Univ of Chicago Press.
39. Gardner, S. L. (1997) Biodiversity and Emerging Infections. McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology.

40.

Gardner, S. L. (1998) The world of parasites: A view from the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. Museum Notes. University of Nebraska State Museum, Brett C. Ratcliff, ed. 101: 4 pp.

41.

Hecksher, S.K,; Wickesberg, B. A.; Duszynski, D.W.; Gardner, S. L. (1999) Three new species of Eimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from Bolivian marsupials (Didelphiomorphia: Didelphidae). International Journal for Parasitology. 29: 275-284.

42.

Hoberg, E. P.; Gardner, S. L.; Campbell, R. A. (1999) Systematics of the Eucestoda: advances toward a new phylogenetic paradigm, and observations on the early diversification of tapeworms and vertebrates. Systematic Parasitology. 42: 1-12.

43.

Hugot, J. P.; Reinhard, K. J.; Gardner, S. L.; Moran, S. (1999) Human enterobiasis in evolution: Origin, specificity, and transmission. Parasite 6: 210 - 208.

44.

Mayberry, L. F.; Canaris, A. G; Bristol, J. R.; Gardner, S. L. (1999) Bibliography of parasites and hosts in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas (1893 - 1984). Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Paraistology of Parasitology, HWML-WWW: 1: No. 1. 100p.

45.

Bartel, M. H.; Gardner, S. L. (2000) Arthropod and helminth Parasites from the plains pocket gopher, Geomys bursarius brusarius from the Hosts’ Northern Boundary Range in Minnesota. Journal of Parasitology. 86: 153- 156.

46.

Brant, S. V; Gardner, S. L. (2000) Phylogeny of Species of the Genus Litomosoides (Nemata: Onchocercidae), Evidence of Rampant Host-switching. Journal of Parasitology. 83: 545-554.

47.

Perez-Ponce de Leon, G.; Gardner, S. L.; Falcon-Ordaz, G. (2000) Phylogenetic relationships among species of the genus Stilestongylus Freitas, Lend and Almeida, 1937 (Trichostrongyloidea: Heligmonellidae: Nippostrongylinae), Parasites of Myomorph rodents (Rodentia: Muridae) in the neotropics. Journal of Parasitology.

48.

Falcon-Ordaz, G.; Gardner, S. L.; Perez-Ponce de Leon, G. (2000) Vexillata liomyos N. Sp. (Nemata: Ornithostrongylidae) from Liomys pictus (Rodentia: Heteromyidae) from Mexico, with Comments on the Synlophe of Vexillata armandae. Journal of Parasitology.

49.

Gardner. S. L. (2000) Biodiversity of the Nemata. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Levin, S. A. (Ed.) Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 4496 pp.

50.

Campbell, M. L.; Gardner, S. L. (Accepted, in revision) A new species of Mathevotaenia (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) and other tapeworms from marsupials in Argentina." Journal of Parasitology.

51.

Al Banna, L.; Gardner, S. L. (Submitted) Phylogeny of Nematodes of the Genus Pratylenchus (Nemata: Tylenchoidea) Using Morphological Data: Congruence or Conflict with Molecular Data? Cladistics.




PAPERS PRESENTED AT INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL, OR REGIONAL MEETINGS:


Gardner, S. L. 1980. Some parasites of the Camas pocket gopher, Thomomys bulbivorus. Annual meeting of the Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal Society. Bend, Oregon.

Gardner, S. L. 1982. Endoparasites of Thomomys bulbivorus (Richardson) (Rodentia: Geomyidae) a gopher endemic to the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference of Parasitologists. Pocatello, Idaho.

Gardner, S. L.; Schmidt, G.D. 1983. Endoparasites of pocket gophers from western North America. Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference of Parasitologists. Grand Junction, Colorado.

Gardner, S. L.; Schmidt, G.D. 1983. Systematics and ecology of helminth parasites of pocket gophers of western North America. Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. San Antonio, Texas.

Gardner, S. L. 1984. Evolution of tapeworms of the genus Hymenolepis in their rodent hosts. Meeting of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists. Lake Texoma, Oklahoma.

Gardner, S. L. 1985. Coevolution of nematodes and their rodent hosts. Meeting of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists. Lake Texoma, Oklahoma.

Gardner, S. L. 1986. Helminth parasites of mammals of Bolivia. Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Denver, Colorado.

Gardner, S. L. 1987. Zoogeography of helminth parasites from rodents of the genus Ctenomys in Bolivia. Meeting of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists. Lake Texoma, Oklahoma.

Gardner, S. L.; Campbell, M. L. 1987. Additional data on parasites of Mammals of Bolivia: Zoogeography of parasites and hosts. Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Campbell, M. L.; Gardner, S. L. 1988. Helminth parasites of Bolivian marsupials: Distribution and Ecology. Meeting of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists. Lake Texoma, Oklahoma.

Lambert, C. R.; Gardner, S. L.; Duszynski, D. W. 1988. Coccidia from the fossorial rodent Ctenomys opimus Wagner (Ctenomyidae) from Bolivia, South America. Meeting of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists. Lake Texoma, Oklahoma.

Cook, J. A.; Gardner, S. L.; Yates, T. L. (June 1989). Phyletic coevolution between rodents and their nematode parasites. Meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists. Fairbanks, Alaska.

Gardner, S. L.; Cook, J. A.; Yates, T. L. (August, 1989). Cophlology: A test using Bolivian Tuco-tucos (Rodentia: Ctenomyidae) and their nematode parasites. International Theriological Congress. Rome, Italy.

Gardner, S. L. (August, 1989). Coevolutionary phylesis: A test of phylogenetic concordance between aspidoderid nematodes and their rodent hosts. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Vancouver, B.C., Canada.

Gardner, S. L. (August, 1990). Phyletic coevolution between South American hystricognath rodents and their cecal-dwelling nematodes. International Congress of Parasitology - VII, Paris, France.

Gardner, S. L. (May, 1992). "Using Parasites as Probes for Biodiversity" Northern California Association of Parasitologists Annual Spring Meeting. Asilomar, Pacific Grove, CA

Gardner, S. L. and Hugot, J.P. (August, 1993). "On the monophyletic nature of the Neotropical Hystricognath Rodents, evidence from their pinworm parasites." Annual Meeting of the French Society of Systematics. Paris, France.

Gardner, S. L. (October, 1993). "Host-Parasite biodiversity: The interface of Field Parasitology, Systematics, and Mammalogy." Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists, Atlanta, GA.

Hugot, J. P.; S. Morand, et S. L. Gardner (January, 1995). Congrès de la Société Française de Parasitologie Session: "Systématique et coévolution hôtes/parasites". Communication: "Nouvelle preuve de la parenté étroite des rongeurs hystricognathes, d'après la phylogénie de leurs Oxyures spécifiques" par en collaboration avec Perpignan.

Gardner, S.L.; Anderson, S. (June, 1995). Fenestrated cranium in Bolivian mammals. Annual meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists. Burlington, VT.

Gardner, S.L. (July, 1995). Phylogeny of insect parasitic nematodes from analysis of 26S rDNA and RAPD’s. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Pittsburgh, PA.

Gardner, S. L. (July, 1996). Spanning continents and oceans: International collaboration and funding in parasitology. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Tuscon, AZ.

Gardner, S.L.; Anderson, S. (October, 1997). Fenestrated cranium in Bolivian mammals. International Theriological Congress. Acapulco, Mexico.

Gardner, S.L.; Anderson, S. (October, 1997). Collaboration with the H.W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. International Theriological Congress. Acapulco, Mexico.

Gardner, S. L. (July, 1998) Coevolution and Biodiversity: Mammals and their parasites. SY-21 Host-parasite coevolution: Techniques concepts and methods. Euro-American Mammal Congress, Santiago de Compostela - Spain.

Gardner, S. L.; Ponce de Leon, G.; Falcon-Ordaz, G. (July 1999) Phylogenetic relationships among nematodes of the genus Stilestrongylus from neotropical rodents. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Monterey, CA.

Gardner, S. L. Cryptocotyle from the Lobito de Rio (Lutra longicaudis) in the Beni Department of Bolivia. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Jimenez-Ruiz, A.; Gardner, S. L. (June 2000) Helminth parasites of the Hocicudo (Rodentia: Muridae: Oxymycterus) from the Bolivian Yungas.

Ganzorig, S.; Y. Oku; Gardner, S. L. M. Kamiya. (June 2000) Species identification of metacestodes of Mesocestoides spp. using mitochondrial DNA dequencing.

Sterner, M. C.; Gardner, S. L. (June 2000) The Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. Mission and Future.

Ponce de Leon, G.; Gardner, S. L.; (June, 2000) A bile-duct trematode from grass mice (Raton fumoso and Raton Fuimoso Akodon spp.) From the Yungas of Bolivia.


INVITED PAPERS, SEMINARS, OR SYMPOSIA:


1987.

"From Tarija to San Borja: Questing for Parasites in Bolivia." Banquet address at the annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference of Parasitologists. University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO.

1988.

"Phyletic Coevolution between Parasitic Nematodes and their Ctenomyid hosts in Bolivia." Invited Seminar, Department of Zoology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.

1989.

"Coevolutionary Phylesis between Aspidoderid Nematodes and Ctenomyid Rodents in Bolivia." Invited Seminar, Department of Biology, Portland State University, Portland, OR.

1989.

"Phyletic Coevolution of Parasitic Nematodes and their Neotropical hosts." Invited Seminar, Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA.

1989.

"Coevolutionary Relationships among Neotropical Aspidoderid Nematodes and Tuco Tucos." Invited Seminar, Department of Biology, University of Texas, El Paso, TX.

1989.

"Phyletic Evolution Among Hosts and Parasites." Invited Seminar, The Department of Biology, Emporia State University, Emporia, KS.

1990.

"Phyletic Coevolution Between Burrowing Rodents and their Nematode Parasites." Invited speaker in the "Symposium on Host-Parasite Coevolution" at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Southwest and Rocky Mountain Division, Colorado Springs, CO.

1991.

"Coevolution, Zoogeography, and Historical Ecology of Endoparasites of Ancient Rodents and Marsupials in the Central Neotropics." Symposium on Host Parasite Coevolution and Biogeography. Annual Meeting, American Society of Parasitologists, Madison, WI.

1991.

"Host-Parasite Phyletic Coevolution. Invited Speaker, Northern California Association of Parasitologists Annual Fall Meeting. U.C. San Francisco, CA.

1992.

"Phyletic Coevolution of Subterranean Rodents and their Nematode Parasites in the Southern Neotropics." National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France. December (Invited).

1993.

Parasitology and Coevolution in the Neotropics. University of Nebraska State Museum and the School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska. May (Invited).

1994.

Parasitology and Mammalogy - Synthesis and Joining Disciplines. Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.

1996.

Parasites as probes for Biodiversity. Bodega Bay Marine Laboratory, University of California. March.

1996.

Current research in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, the University of Nebraska State Museum. Fall Semester. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Seminar Series in Biological Sciences.

1997.

Parasites as Probes for Biological Diversity. The University of Nebraska-Omaha Seminar Series.

1997.

Bringing parasites into the classroom, enhancing the continuum of biology. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists. Nashville, TN.

1997.

Parasites and Biological Diversity. Department of Biological Sciences, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota.

1998.

Parasitology and the mammals of Bolivia. Presentation to the Ministry of Health of the Bolivian Government. La Paz, Bolivia.

AWARDS AND HONORS:


1981.

Superior Teaching Recognition. Department of Zoology, Oregon State University.

1982.

Outstanding graduate student. "Chairman's Award", Department of Biological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado.

1982.

Graduate Assistantship. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado.

1983.

Best Student Paper. Annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference of Parasitologists.

1983.

Best Student Demonstration. Annual meeting of the Rocky Mountain Conference of Parasitologists.

1987.

Challenge assistantship. Office of Graduate Studies, University of New Mexico.

1988.

Best Student Paper, Systematics. Annual meeting of the American Society of Parasitologists.

1988.

Phi Kappa Phi. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM.

1988.

Best Student Paper in Systematics. United States Federation of Culture Collections. National Student Paper Competition.

1990.

Research Associate, Division of Mammals, Museum of Southwestern Biology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico.

1992.

Research Associate, Department of Mammalogy, The American Museum of Natural History, New York.

1996.

Certificate of Recognition for Contribution to Students. UNL Parents Association and Teaching Council.

1997.

Certificate of Recognition for Contribution to Students. UNL Parents Association and Teaching Council.

TEACHING:


1991.

Coevolution and Modern Systematic Biology. Seminar. Department of Nematology, UC Davis.

1993.

Introduction to Nematology. Lecture class, 2 hours, Winter Quarter, UC Davis.

1991.

Biology of Parasitism. 3 hour class Spring Quarter.

1994.

Introduction to Nematology. Lecture class, 2 hours, Winter Quarter, UC Davis.

1994.

Biology of Parasitism. 3 hour class Spring Quarter.

1995.

Invertebrate Zoology, Biol 381 and Biol 381 L. 4 hour class Fall Semester.

1996.

Computer Methods in Phylogenetic Systematics. Spring Semester.

1997.

Introductory Zoology. Biol 112. Spring Semester.

1998.

Phylogenetic Coevolution. Biol 899. Spring Semester.

1999.

Introductory Zoology. Biol 112. Fall Semester.

1998.

Introductory Zoology. Biol 112. Fall Semester.



FIELD AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE:


1974 - 1976.

Alaska A Survey of Animal Parasites.

1976 - 1988.

Oregon, Colorado, and New Mexico. A survey of parasites of the family Geomyidae.

1984 - 1988.

Mexico, Sonora. Parasites of stingrays, (Urolophus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico.

1984 - 1986.

Bolivia. Survey of the Parasites of Mammals of Bolivia.

1988.

Switzerland and France. Informal consultations: W.H.O., (Vet. Disease Section and Tropical Disease Section); Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Division of Worms); Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Genève (Division of Worms).

1990 - 1992.

Bolivia. Biodiversity of Bolivia: Survey of Mammals and their Parasites in Altitudinal Transects.

1992.

Visiting Professor. Laboratoire de Biologie Parasitaire, Protistologie, Helminthologie Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

1994.

Mexico. Helminth parasites of mammals of Baja California Sur: Mainland and island comparisons.

1993 - 1996.

Bolivia. Biodiversity of Bolivia: Survey of Mammals and their Parasites in Altitudinal Transects.

1998.

Bolivia. Presented paper and consulted with the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of the Environment in the Bolivian Government.

1999.

Mongolia. Participated in an NSF funded project to help establish an ILTER site.

2000.

Bolivia. Survey of Mammals of Bolivia for Machupo Virus.



PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS:


American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Society of Parasitologists .
American Society of Mammalogists
Bolivian Society of Mammalogy
Helminthological Society of Washington
Peruvian Society of Parasitology
Sigma Xi - Inactive
Society of Systematic Biology
Society of Nematologists


SERVICE


FORMAL REVIEWS:


December, 1991. National Science Foundation. Dissertation Advisory Review Panel.
February, 1996. National Science Foundation. Biotic Surveys and Inventories Grant Review Panel.
May, 1999. National Science Foundation. BON Workshop, CA Acad. of Sciences.


UNIVERSITY COMMITTEES:


1992. Member, Curriculum Review Committee, Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis.
1992. Member, Campus-wide Museum Task Force, University of California, Davis
1991-1992. Chair, Policy Committee, Biological Collections Task Force Review, University of California, Davis.
1992-1994. Member, Graduate Education Committee, University of California, Davis.
1993-1994. Member, Task Force to Establish a Center for Biosystematics, University of California, Davis.
1995-1996. Representative from UNSM, Academic Senate, UNL.
1997. Member, Search Committee, Molecular Systematics Position, School of Biological Sciences, UNL.
1997. Member, Deans Committee on Joint Appointments, College of Arts and Sciences, UNL.
1998. Chair, Committee on Museum Initiative 98'. UNSM, UNL.
1998. Member. Museum Computerization committee 98'. UNSM, UNL.
1994-2000. Webmaster and machine operator for the UNSM WWW operations.


INVITED COMMUNITY PRESENTATIONS:


April 1993.

"Tropical Forest Mammals: What lives in a rain forest?" Presentation to 3rd grade class at West Davis Elementary School, Davis, CA.

September, 1994.

"What do scientists do when they study the Rain Forest?" Group Presentation to all 4th grade classes, Holmes Elementary School, Lincoln, Nebraska.

October, 1994.

"Biodiversity of Bolivia and the University of Nebraska State Museum." Presentation to the 25 year club of Lincoln Electric Service, Lincoln, Nebraska.

January, 1996.

Tropical Rain Forests in Bolivia. Group presentation to all 1 - 2 grade classes, Maxey Elementary School, Lincoln, NE

March, 1996.

What kinds of organisms live in tropical rain forests in Bolivia? Group presentation to all 3rd grade classes, Morley Elementary School, Lincoln, NE

March, 1997.

"What is a tropical rain forest?" Group presentation to all 3rd grade classes, Morley Elementary School, Lincoln, NE

December, 1999.

"International Research in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology" East High School Zoology Class. Rachel Sandhorst, East High Biology - Zoology Instructor.

Februrary, 2000.

"Research in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology" A group presentation in the Manter Laboratory of Parasitology to the East High School Zoology Class. Rachel Sandhorst, East High Biology - Zoology Instructor